CONSTITUTION LAGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

     

विधानसभा

                Legislative Assembly

1. By whom are the orders of prorogation given by the Legislative Assembly? Governor

2. What is the minimum age limit to be elected in the Legislative Assembly? 25 years

3. How long is the term of the assembly usually? Five years

4. Does the Governor have the right under special circumstances to dissolve the Assembly prematurely? Yes

5. How many members and at least how many members are there in each state assembly? At least 60 and more than 500 members.

AYODHYA ISSUE: BASIS OF SUPREME COURT”S DECISION

6. Which states are included in the list of exceptional states where the number of members in the Legislative Assembly is less than 60? Goa (40), Mizoram (40), Sikkim (32). (It has special status under Article 371)

7. Who conducts the meetings of the Legislative Assembly? Assembly Speaker

8. Who selects the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly? Members of the House

9. Can the Speaker of the Assembly preside over the meetings of the House at a time when the proposal to remove him from office is under consideration? No

10. Whenever the vote in the House is divided equally, what is the role of the Speaker? The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly has the right to vote decisively at such times. Normally, he cannot vote in the House.

11. Who decides whether a bill is considered a money bill or not? Assembly Speaker

12. Who is the leader of the Legislative Assembly? Chief Minister of the state

13. Who passes the state budget? Legislative Assembly Legislative Council

14. How many houses are there in the State Legislature? Two — 1. Legislative Assembly 2. Legislative Council

15. Who is the upper house of the state legislature? Legislative Council

NEW QUESTIONS AFTER REMOVAL OF ARTICLE 370

16. When can Parliament establish or abolish the Legislative Council in a state? If a state passes a resolution with an absolute majority of the legislative assembly and a two-thirds majority of the members present.

17. How many states currently have legislative councils? What should be the total number of six [Bihar, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir] legislative councils? Not more than one-third of the total number of members of the State Legislative Assembly

18. In any case, what should be the minimum number of members of the Legislative Council? 40 [Exception- Jammu and Kashmir (36)]

19. What should be the minimum age limit to become a member of Legislative Council? 30 years

20. What is the term of each member of the Legislative Council? 6 years

21. How are members of Legislative Council elected? By the single transitive vote method of proportional representation.

note ___________________________________ One-third of the total members of the Legislative Council are elected by an electoral college of local autonomous institutions in the state. One-third of the members are elected by the members of the state assembly. 1/12 members are elected by graduates who have graduated at least 3 years prior. 1/12 members are elected by teachers who have been teaching in higher classes for at least three years. The Governor of 1/6 members is nominated from among those who have proficiency in literature, art, science etc. Number of Assembly and Legislative Council members in the states

GEOGRAPHY AND CONSTITUTION QUESTIONS FOR COMPETITION

 

विधानसभा

 

1.विधानसभा के सत्रावसान (Prorogation) के आदेश किसके द्वारा दिए जाते हैं ?
राज्यपाल

2.विधानसभा में निर्वाचित होने के लिए न्यूनतम आयु सीमा क्या है ?     25 वर्ष

3.विधानसभा का कार्यकाल सामान्यत: कितने साल का होता है ?    पांच साल

 

 

4.क्या विशेष परिस्थिति में राज्यपाल को यह अधिकार है कि वह विधानसभा को समय से पहले विघटित कर सकता है ?
हां

5.प्रत्येक राज्य की विधानसभा में कम-से-कम कितने सदस्य और अधिक से अधिक कितने सदस्य होते हैं ?
कम-से-कम 60 और अधिक से अधिक 500 सदस्य ।

 

 

6.अपवाद राज्यों की सूची में शामिल कौन-से राज्य हैं जहां विधानसभा में सदस्यों की संख्या 60 से कम है ?
गोवा (40), मिजोरम(40), सिक्किम(32) । (इसे अनुच्छेद 371 के तहत विशेष दर्जा प्राप्त है)

7.विधानसभा की बैठकों का संचालन कौन करता है ?        विधानसभा अध्यक्ष

 

8.विधानसभा अध्यक्ष का चयन कौन करता है ?             सदन के सदस्य

9.क्या ऐसे समय में विधानसभा अध्यक्ष सदन की बैठकों की अध्यक्षता कर सकता है जब उसको पद से हटाने का प्रस्ताव विचाराधीन हो ?             नहीं

 

10.जब कभी सदन में मत बराबरी में बंट जाए तो विधानसभा अध्यक्ष की क्या भूमिका होती है ?
विधानसभा अध्यक्ष के पास ऐसे समय में निर्णायक मत देने का अधिकार है । वैसे साधारणत: वो सदन में मतदान नहीं कर सकता ।

11.किसी विधेयक को धन विधेयक माना जाए या नहीं, इसका फैसला कौन करता है ?
विधानसभा अध्यक्ष

12.विधानसभा का नेता कौन होता है ?       राज्य का मुख्यमंत्री

 

 

13.राज्य के बजट को पारित कौन करता है ?  विधानसभा      विधानपरिषद्

14.राज्य विधानमंडल में कितने सदन होते हैं ?
दो—1. विधानसभा 2. विधानपरिषद्

 

 

15.राज्य विधानमंडल का उच्च सदन कौन होता है ?
विधानपरिषद्

16.संसद किसी राज्य में कब विधानपरिषद् स्थापित या लोप कर सकती है ?
अगर किसी राज्य की विधानसभा की पूर्ण बहुमत और उपस्थित सदस्यों की दो-तिहाई बहुमत से प्रस्ताव पारित करे ।

17.वर्तमान में कितने राज्यों में विधानपरिषद् मौजूद हैं ?
छह [बिहार, महाराष्ट्र, उत्तरप्रदेश, कर्नाटक, आंध्रप्रदेश और जम्मू-कश्मीर]

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